Waste Incineration Directive (WID)


  • Overview
  • Monitoring
  • Limits


The Waste Incineration Directive is used to prevent and reduce harm to the environment caused by the incineration and co-incineration of waste.

The directive focusses on pollution caused by emissions into the air, soil, surface water and groundwater.

The WI Directive makes a distinction between:

  • Incineration plants
    These are dedicated to the thermal treatment of waste and may or may not recover heat generated by combustion
  • Co-incineration plants
    Their main purpose is energy generation or the production of material products and in which waste is used as a fuel or is thermally treated for the purpose of disposal.

Waste Incineration Directive has now been replaced by the IED and previously covered the incineration of hazardous waste under directive 2000/76/EC (WID)

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EmiDAS helps incineration sites comply with the WID and IED directives by enabling the continuous monitoring of the following:

  • Particulate matter (PM)
  • Total Organic Carbon (TOC)
  • Sulphur Dioxide (SO2)
  • Nitric Oxide (NO)
  • Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2)
  • Nitrogen Oxides (NOx)
  • Carbon Monoxide (CO)
  • Hydrogen Chloride (HCl)
  • Hydrogen Fluoride (HF)
  • Temperature
  • Oxygen
  • Pressure
  • Water Vapour
  • Gas Flow


Under the Waste Incineration Directive the values of the 95 % confidence intervals of a single measured result shall not exceed the following percentages of the emission limit values:

  • Total Organic Carbon: 30%
  • Hydrogen Chloride: 40%
  • Hydrogen Fluoride: 40%
  • Nitrogen Dioxide: 20%
  • Sulphur Dioxide: 20%
  • Carbon Monoxide : 10%
  • Dust: 30%